Biodiversity in Halong Bay



  1. Halong Bay ecosystem  

Biodiversity in Halong Bay


A research of Halong Bay Management Department in 2008 figured out that Halong Bay is home of 2.949 species of both fauna and flora, including 102 rare species of the region and worldwide, 17 endemic species which is only in Halong and many endangered species in Vietnam’s Red Data Book. Some endemic plants of Halong Bay are Livistona halongensis, Impatiens halongensis, Chirita halongensis, Chirita hiepii, Chirita modesta, Paraboea halongensis and Alpinia calcicola. The most common aquatic species include cuttlefish, oyster, cyclinae, panulirus (tôm hùm), charonia tritonis, etc.

The wild nature on Halong bay is divided into two main ecosystems: a tropical, moist, evergreen rainforest ecosystem; and a marine and coastal ecosystem.

The tropical evergreen rainforest ecosystem on Halong Bay involves four categories: the moist rainforest on lime-stone mountains, the bush on dry stone mountains, mangroves and plants in caves.

2. Halong Bay- The marine and coastal ecosystem

Biodiversity in Halong Bay

Read more about Cua Van Fishing Village in halong Bay 

The marine and coastal ecosystem comprises six categories: (1) ecosystem of intertidal and mangrove areas, (2) hard bottom ecosystem with coral reefs, (3) soft-bottom ecosystem with sea-grass, (4) ecosystem of intertidal and non-mangrove areas, (5) ecosystem of enclosed water areas, and (6) marine ecosystem.

Biodiversity is one of the most important factors which are bases for recognition of the title “the World Natural Heritage Site”. However, as the progress of urbanization, mining industry and tourism on Halong Bay; coastal coral reefs, marine resources and mangroves have been seriously damaged at alarming rate. It’s a big problem that Halong Bay Management Department and local residents have to solveas soon as possibleto protect this world natural heritage.